Canada Processing Time 2021

By Ella Bergquist May 11, 2020 (Updated September 21, 2021) 5 min. read
Canadian Visa Processing Times

Many times when foreign national is looking to immigrate to Canada they want to know how long it will take to get to Canada. Each visa has a different processing time and application process.

The processing time for Canadian Visas is defined as how long it takes the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to process your application from the day that they receive it. This is otherwise known as CIC or IRCC processing times.

*The visa processing times below are just an estimate. Due to COVID-19, these processing times may vary. Use the IRCC Processing Times tool to determine how long your Canada visa processing time may take.*

Factors that Can Increase Canada Visa Processing Time

There are several items that can factor in how long it will take for your Canadian Visa. These include:

  1. Type of visa application
  2. Country of applicants residency
  3. Application complete and correctness
  4. How easily the applicants information can be confirmed
  5. How quickly IRCC can process applications that are already in the system
  6. How long an applicant takes to respond to additional requests or concerns

Express Entry Processing Time

6 months

The Express Entry Program includes the following streams: Federal Skilled Worker (FSW), Federal Skilled Trades (FST), Canadian Experience Class (CEC) and some Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP).

Most Express Entry applications are processed within six months from the date it is received. Before the six-month processing time begins the applicant must provide all the necessary documents and upload them to their individual Express Entry profile.

Learn more about the Express Entry Program.

PR Card Processing Time

13-27 days

Applying for a new PR Card can take only 13 days while renewing or replacing a PR card will take around 27 days.

Learn more about Canada PR Card

Work Permit Processing Time

1-27 weeks

The Canadian work permit processing time is the one with the largest range. The Work Permit processing time completely depends on the completion of your application and the office you applied at. We have found that it can take between 1-27 weeks to process a Canadian Work Permit.

Learn more about Canadian Work Permit.

LMIA Processing Time

8-29 days

Canada is experiencing a large volume of LMIA applications in 2021, which can result in longer processing times and possible delays, especially seen in the Temporary Foreign Worker Program. Depending on which LMIA you apply for, it can take anywhere from 8-29 business days to process your application.

Learn more on Labor Market Impact Assessment.

Study Permit Processing Time

1-16 weeks

Just like work permits Canadian Study Permit Processing Times depend mostly on the applicant’s country of residence. Typically a Canadian study permit can be processed between 1-16 weeks.

Learn more on Canada Study Permit.

Canadian Citizenship Processing Time

1 year

A typical Canadian Citizenship grant processing time is 12 months/1 year. This means that from the day you submit your completed application it should take about one year until it is fully processed.

Learn more on Canadian Citizenship.

Canadian Visitor Visa Processing Time

12 days

Similar to work visas and study permits, a visitor visa processing time can depend on which country the applicant is applying from. Typically the time can vary from a couple of days to a few weeks for a Canada Visitor Visa processing time. If you apply from within Canada the processing time is only 12 days.

Learn more about Canadian Visitor Visa.

Canada Spousal Sponsorship Processing Time

12-36 months

The average processing time of a spousal sponsorship is approximately 12 months. However, depending on specific circumstances and regions, it may be shorter or as long as 36 months. 

Learn more about Canadian Spousal Sponsorship.

SuperVisa Processing Time

3-8 weeks

Most applications for a super visa are processed within a few weeks or less but can take up to 8 weeks. Processing times vary depending on the visa office and the country you are applying from.

Learn more about Canadian Super Visa.

Post-Graduate Work Permit (PGWP)

2-3 months

When applying for a Canadian post-graduate work permit after your studies, you can expect to wait from 2 to 6 months. While waiting you are allowed to work if you applied for your PGWP before your student permit expired.

Learn more about Post-Graduate Work Permits.

Common Questions About Canada Visa Processing Times

How often are processing times updated?

Most processing times show how long it took to process applications in the past and are updated weekly.

These permanent resident programs have estimated processing times for new applications and are updated monthly:

The following programs show a commitment and are updated when new commitments are set:

When was the last time IRCC changed processing time estimations?

*Due to COVID-19, there have been multiple changes to certain visa processing times throughout 2020-2021. This does not include changes made to processing times during that time* In July 2018, IRCC opted to generate processing time estimates based on the number of applications currently being processed rather than historical processing time data.

The following immigration categories have been changed by the modifications to the processing time estimation system:

What is the processing time for a Canadian passport?

The processing time for a passport application is determined by where and how the application is submitted, as well as the urgency of the request. The following are the processing times for passport applications submitted in Canada:

When applying for urgent or expedited service at a passport office, the application may be processed by the end of the following working day or may take up to nine business days.

If you are currently residing in the United States, you can apply by mail or in person at the nearest passport office or Service Canada location in Canada. For postal applications from the United States, the processing time is 20 business days.

All passport applications submitted outside Canada and the United States may take up to 20 business days. Applications made outside Canada may be submitted at the nearest Canadian government office abroad (i.e. embassy or consulate).

Find Out Canada Visa Processing Time From an Immigration Professional

Book a consultation today with an immigration professional! One of our Canada immigration professionals will determine exactly how long it will take for you to receive your Canadian visa.

Use the IRCC Processing Times tool to determine how long your Canada visa processing time may take.