Sponsoring a Parent to Canada for Permanent Residency

Many Canadian Permanent Residents or Citizens want to bring their parents to Canada. If the parent wants to live in Canada the Canadian Permanent Resident or Citizen has the chance to sponsor them. There are several requirements for the one who wants to sponsor and the parent(s) being sponsored. The good news is that being a mother or father of a Canadian Permanent Resident or Citizen can be a great path to immigration to Canada.

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Sponsor a Parent to Canada

You can sponsor your own parents if:

  • you’re at least 18 years old
  • you live in Canada
  • you’re a Canadian citizen, a permanent resident of Canada, or a person registered in Canada as an Indian under the Canadian Indian Act
  • you have enough money to support the person(s) you want to sponsor
    • To show that you have enough, you’ll have to provide your proof of income.

If you live outside of Quebec:

To become a sponsor, you must promise to financially take care of the person(s) you are sponsoring for a period of time. We call this promise an undertaking.

The undertaking commits you to:

  • providing financial support for your sponsored parents for 20 years, starting when they become permanent residents
  • repaying any provincial social assistance (money from the government) your sponsored parents get during that time

Also, you and your sponsored family members need to agree to certain responsibilities during the undertaking period. We call this the sponsorship agreement.

The sponsorship agreement means that:

  • you’ll provide for the basic needs of your sponsored parents
  • the person you sponsor will make every effort to support themselves and their family members

When you apply, you’ll have to complete and sign a form that includes the undertaking and the sponsorship agreement.

If you reside in Quebec:

You must meet Quebec’s immigration sponsorship requirements after we approve you as a sponsor. The Quebec ministry in charge of immigration will assess your income.

You must also sign an undertaking with the province of Quebec.

You Cannot Sponsor a Parent If

  • you’re less than 18 years old
  • you won’t live in Canada when you apply to sponsor your parent and/or when your parents and become permanent residents
    • Your primary residential address must be in Canada when you submit your application and until we make a decision on your application.
  • you’re not a Canadian citizen, a permanent resident of Canada, or a person registered in Canada as an Indian under the Canadian Indian Act
  • you’re a temporary resident, that is you’re visiting, studying or working in Canada on a visa or permit
  • your permanent residence application is still in process
    • You must have permanent resident status at the time you submit your sponsorship application.
  • your proof of income shows you don’t have enough money to support the persons you want to sponsor

You may not be eligible to sponsor your parents if you:

  • are in jail, prison, or penitentiary
  • didn’t pay back:
    • an immigration loan
    • a performance bond
    • court-ordered family support payments such as alimony or child support *
  • didn’t give the financial support you agreed to when you signed a sponsorship agreement to sponsor someone else in the past *
  • declared bankruptcy and are not discharged *
  • receive social assistance for a reason other than a disability
  • were convicted of a violent criminal offence, any offence against a relative or any sexual offence inside or outside Canada
  • can’t legally stay in Canada and must leave the country because you received a Removal Order

* Not applicable if you live in Quebec

Who You Can Sponsor

You can sponsor your own parents, related by blood or adoption. In case of divorce or separation, you can sponsor your parents’ spouses, or conjugal or common-law partners.

You may sponsor more than 1 person or couple if you meet the income requirements for all the people you want sponsor and their dependants (spouse, partner and children).

How Do I Know If My Parents Are Eligible?

To show they meet the eligibility requirements, your parents and their dependents must provide:

Who You Cannot Sponsor

You can’t sponsor:

  • your spouse’s parents and grandparents (your in-laws)
    • However, you can be a co-signer on your in-laws’ application.
  • someone who is inadmissible to Canada
    • This means they are not allowed to come to Canada.

How to Apply to Sponsor Your Parent(s)

If you’re invited to apply to sponsor your parents, there are 2 applications:

  • You must apply to become a sponsor.
  • Your parents must apply for permanent residence.

Send both the sponsorship and the permanent residence applications together at the same time. We must receive your application package 60 days from the date of your invitation. The deadline is clearly indicated in your invitation to apply.

There are 6 steps to apply to sponsor your parents:

1. Submit the interest to sponsor form

The first step to sponsor your parents is filling out the interest to sponsor form. It’s available at the beginning of the year for a limited time.

After the form closes, the IRCC reviews submissions and removes duplicates.

2. Get an invitation to submit a complete application

The IRCC will invite potential sponsors to submit a complete application in the same order they receive the interest to sponsor forms online.

3. Get the application package

To avoid using outdated forms, don’t prepare your application before you’re invited to submit a complete application.

The application package includes the:

  • document checklist for you and the persons you want to sponsor
  • forms you and the persons you want to sponsor need to fill out
  • instruction guide to help you and your family members fill out the forms correctly

Read the guide carefully before you complete the application form. The sponsorship application fee for processing your form can’t be refunded.

Make sure:

  • you’re eligible to sponsor before you apply
  • you list all your family members
  • all the information on your application is true
  • your application is complete

4. Pay your application fees

In most cases, your fees will include:

  • processing fees for you, the persons you’re sponsoring and their dependants
  • the Right of Permanent Residence Fee
  • the biometrics fee

You have to pay your fees online.

Biometrics fee

In most cases, you must pay a biometrics fee when you submit your application. Otherwise, you may experience delays. The biometrics fee covers the cost of collecting fingerprints and a digital photo.

Third party fees

Depending on your situation, you may need to pay third parties for:

  • your medical exam
  • a police certificate

The instruction guide can help you understand which fees apply to you and show you how to pay them.

5. Submit your application

The IRCC must receive your complete application within 60 days. The deadline is specified in your invitation.

The mailing instructions are in the application guide.

You may use a courier service to submit your application, if you want to. Courier services will help you track your application. You can also use regular mail.

Find out how long it will take to process your application.

Your application will be returned to you if:

  • it’s incomplete
  • fees are missing
  • you weren’t invited to submit a complete application
  • we didn’t receive it within the deadline specified in your invitation

6. Send additional information during processing

During processing, they will ask the person you’re sponsoring to submit their:

The IRCC will send instructions and let your family members how much time they have to send them this information.

You must tell them of any change in circumstances, such as:

  • birth or adoption of children
  • marriage or divorce
  • death of an applicant or dependant

Why Legal Help for Parent Sponsorship is Important

Although the government prioritizes the processing of sponsorship applications, being successful is by no means a given. All of the requirements must be met, and even the slightest error on an application can lead to a refusal. In order to take advantage of this great opportunity, individuals should enlist the help of a legal professional who knows how to send a package that will provide an applicant with the best chance to be sponsored.

Why Hire Us to Assist Your Family Sponsorship Case?

With over 15 years of experience specializing in helping to reunite families from across the world, we know what immigration officers are looking for when reviewing a sponsorship application. We have helped thousands of individuals to successfully get Canadian permanent residence through family sponsorship, and we can help you too!