Interested in Immigrating to the US from Mexico?
Mexicans immigrating to the United States may choose to do so for a variety of reasons, including economic opportunity and the prospect of being closer to family already in the US. Although immigration to the US from Mexico has declined in recent years, the majority of Mexican immigrants still choose to settle in the United States and, as of 2015, make up 26.9 percent of the US immigrant population with 11,643,000 individuals.
Mexican Community in the US
The largest number of Mexican emigrants haveinsettled in California, Texas, and Illinois, these areas having significant Mexican communities. Because of their proximity, Mexico and the United States have shared a long history of immigration. Thus, Mexican culture and the Spanish language have had a great impact in the US, and can be seen in various communities. These cultural and linguistic influences along with Mexican American communities already in the US provide a community network for incoming immigrants.
To become a lawful permanent resident of the United States, one must obtain a Green Card . Most immigrants will do so through employment , through family sponsorship , or by being an immediate relative of a US citizen, the latter being most common among Mexican immigrants.
Oftentimes, immigrants to the United States come in search of economic opportunity. The most likely way to obtain a Green Card is through employment in the US. Immigrant work visas include the EB-1 and EB-2 visas, and imply receipt of a Green Card soon after entry. Non-immigrant work visas are temporary, and include the H-1B, L-1, O-1, E-1, and TN. As Mexico is a member of NAFTA, Mexican immigrants are one of two groups eligible for the TN visa . If an immigrant comes to the US under a non-immigrant work visa and wishes to become a permanent resident, they may change their classification and apply for an immigrant work visa while in the states. Speaking to an immigration specialist is also helpful in determining eligibility, as well as which visa is right for each individual.
The majority of Mexican immigrants who obtain lawful permanent residence in the US do so as immediate relatives of US citizens or are eligible for other family-based preferences. Each of these visas, Immediate Relative and Family Preference, provide for unique application processes, so it is important to determine which one is most suitable for each individual’s case. Speaking to an immigration specialist may be helpful in determining one’s eligibility.
Useful Resources for Mexican Immigrants in the US
- The Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund (MALDEF) is a non-profit organization with the goal of promoting Latino participation in the American political and socio-economic sphere, promoting social change, and providing better educational opportunities. http://maldef.org/
- The Congressional Hispanic Caucus Institute, Inc. (CHCI) is a non-profit organization aiming to develop "the next generation of Hispanic leaders" in the US, offering educational and leadership development programs to foster an educated and civically active Hispanic community.
- Unidos US is a nonpartisan organization that works to create opportunities for Latinos, serving in the areas of civic engagement, civil rights, immigration, economic opportunity, education, health, and housing.
- The United States Hispanic Chamber of Commerce (USHCC) is an organization with the mission of "foster[ing] Hispanic economic development and creat[ing] sustainable prosperity for the benefit of the American society." It works to promote the economic growth of Hispanic-owned businesses that contribute to the American economy.
- "21 Latino Organizations You Need to Know" provides a list of organizations serving the entire Hispanic community in the United States, including some of those listed above.
- The US Embassy and Consulates in Mexico provides information on the immigration process, how to apply for a visa, as well as determining which visa is best for individual cases.
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