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10 Most Common Reasons You May Be Denied Entry to Canada. Explained.

Permanent Residence in Canada

Few travel experiences are more frustrating, inconvenient and humiliating than arriving in a foreign country only to be denied entry at the port. This is especially disheartening if you have arrived on business or to tend to a family emergency. Upon traveling to Canada, you may have been unpleasantly surprised with an entry denial based on a criminal offense, medical reason or something different. Learn the 10 most common reasons a port of entry officer may refuse you entry to Canada and what you can do to prevent it from happening again.

The condition of being ineligible for entry into a country is called inadmissibility. In Canada, there a two main types: criminal inadmissibility and medical inadmissibility. Reasons outside of these fall into the “other” category.

Criminal Inadmissibility – Even minor or very old offenses are taken very seriously by Canadian border officials. This is true even if the offenses occurred in countries other than Canada. Having a criminal record is the most common reason for being denied entry into the country.

1. Past Criminal Conviction

You maybe denied entry to Canada if you have been convicted of a crime. This counts for both minor and serious crimes that are illegal in both Canada and the country where the crime was committed. Examples include drug possession, theft, reckless driving driving under the influence, assault, manslaughter and resisting arrest.

2. Involved in human rights violations

These include war crimes, crimes against humanity, or being in a senior position in a government that has been internationally sanctioned or is responsible for gross human rights violations.

3. Involved in organized crime

Proof of past or present involvement with a gang, mafia, terrorist group or other organized crime group is grounds for being denied entry to Canada

There are two ways you can overcome criminal inadmissibility to Canada. They are the Temporary Residency Permit (TRP) and criminal rehabilitation.

The Temporary Residency Permit is a type of visa that permits you to enter Canada on a temporary basis and is valid for up to three years. They can be obtained at the Canadian consulate or embassy and can take six to eight months to process. In some cases, an emergency TRP can be issued on the spot if you can persuade officials that urgent entry is required.

TRP applicants must complete a personality profile, personal account of the crime, and other paperwork that proves the criminal offense was an isolated event, that you are not a threat to the citizens of Canada and you are deserving of entry.

For criminal inadmissibility, a more long-term solution is Criminal Rehabilitation. You can qualify for this remedy five years after the offense and following satisfactory completion of  the Criminal Rehabilitation Certificate program. Once you are certified, you can enter the country as many times as you would like without having to repeatedly apply for a TRP. Some offenses require 10 years to pass after serving your sentence before you can be considered for any form of admissibility including the TRP.

Medical Inadmissibility – Subsection 38(1) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) covers inadmissibility based on health grounds. According to this subsection, a medical officer is tasked with assessing the permanent resident or foreign national’s health, taking into account any official medical documentation pertaining to the person.

4. Endangerment to Public Health or Safety

During the assessment, the officer will consider the communicability of any disease the person has as well as the potential impact of that disease on the health and safety of the Canadian public. For example, you may be denied entry if you have hepatitis, influenza, measles or other communicable disease. Non-communicable diseases such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder which may be associated with the risk of violent outbursts or irrational behavior are also grounds for medical inadmissibility.

5. Potential to Cause Excessive Demands on Health or Social Services

Medical inadmissibility includes an excessive demand component. A person can be denied admission if they are deemed to have a condition whose treatment could create a drain on the Canadian healthcare system. Spouses and common-law partners of Canadian sponsors are exempt from the excessive demand clause.

In some cases, your lawyer can help you apply for a TRP to have your medical inadmissibility excused or apply for humanitarian and compassionate discretion (H&C) which takes into account public policies and the interests of directly affected minor children.

Other Types of Inadmissibility

6. Financial Reasons 

This results from a failure to prove your ability to support yourself and your family financially. If you cannot prove that you have a meaningful income from skilled work, entrepreneurship or investments, you may be deemed a burden or potential burden to the Canadian government and denied entry to Canada as a result.

7. Misrepresentation

This includes withholding material facts that would hamper the enforcement of Canadian immigration laws as set forth by IRPA or falsifying said information.

As an example, if you are seeking immigration sponsorship from a Canadian citizen and forge their signature on your application, you are guilty of misrepresentation. The same is true if you falsify your age or marital status to immigrate under a certain class. Misrepresentation is taken very seriously can could result in a two-year ban from the country or jail time. A lawyer can help you overcome this decision based on the facts of your case.

8. Failure to Comply with Any Provision of IRPA

Examples of non-compliance with IRPA include working or studying in Canada without proper permits, seeking unauthorized re-entry into the country following deportation or being a permanent resident who has failed to meet the residency obligation, that is, not being physically located in Canada for at least two of the last five years. Failure to comply with IRPA may result in the issuance of a Removal Order.

If you have received a Removal Order, you may regain entry to Canada by obtaining an Authorization to Return to Canada (ARC) document. Once you apply for an ARC, be advised that you will be required to reimburse the Canadian government for removal costs before the ARC is issued.

9. Possible Overstays

You may be denied entry to Canada if the government suspects that you will overstay your visit or if they have evidence that you have done so in the past. For instance, if you went to college in Canada and remained in the country beyond your student visa’s expiration date, you may be denied entry to Canada. In this case, you will need an ARC.

10. Having an Inadmissible Family Member

If you are traveling with a family member who is inadmissible for any of the above reasons, you too are inadmissible.

Keep in mind that this information is for reference  and is not intended to assess inadmissibility. Your inadmissibility must be determined by Canadian authorities upon your arrival at their borders.

If you have found this post helpful and would like more information on being denied entry to Canada, visit our website here and contact us by filling out our form or giving us a call.

 

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About Michael Niren

Michael is a graduate of Osgoode Hall Law School in Toronto. He is a member of the Law Society of Upper Canada, the Canadian Bar Association’s Citizenship and Immigration Section and the Associate Member of the American Bar Association. Read more

32 thoughts on “10 Most Common Reasons You May Be Denied Entry to Canada. Explained.

  1. misbah

    My mom and I have applied for the permanent visa. But I am worried about her medical conditions as her blood pressure was high it was 80 and 170 at the time of medical because she forgot to take her pills that day. Also the ecg report which was required after that says, that there is mild sinus bradycardia in the results. Is it okay or can create a problem for us? Is it really signifcant medical condition?

    Reply
    1. Immigration Lawyers

      Hi Misbah,

      I’m sorry to hear about the health issues your mother is facing. Health issues may affect the application but with the help of an immigration lawyer, your chances of approval significantly increase. Please, complete this form for me http://www.visaplace.com/immigration-assessment/ it is just a quick and easy way for me to learn more details about your situation so that I will be able to advise you accurately and determine the best avenue for us to take to give you the best legal advice.

      The above response is for informational purposes only and does not form a lawyer-client relationship nor should it be construed to be legal advice.

      Reply
  2. Robel samuel

    Hello i applied to Canadian embassy for student visa and got rejected because i ticked no to the question have u ever rejected a visa to any other country yet i had a US visa refusal. I am here asking for any advice that i can do . Thank u

    Reply
    1. Immigration Lawyers

      Hi Robel,
      Thank you for contacting VisaPlace! We do need to take a closer look at your case in order to give you the best legal advice. Hiring an immigration lawyer will help you get answers to all of your questions plus it will also increase the chance of approval of the visa you are inquiring. Please, complete this form for me http://www.visaplace.com/immigration-assessment/ it is just a quick and easy way for me to learn more details about you and your situation so that I will be able to advise you accurately and determine the best avenue for us to take to give you the best legal advice.

      The above response is for informational purposes only and does not form a lawyer-client relationship nor should it be construed to be legal advice.

      Reply
  3. sasmrat

    Hello,
    I had my h1b and In 2016 i a was denied by the port of entry officers to enter into usa as lack of supporting document from client.
    Now I am planning to migrate to Australia or Canada.
    Can i apply for Permanent residency to Australia or canada or will i get refusal because i was denied for usa.
    They dint deport me, but asked me to revert back my visa application. i dont have an deportation stamp. but they cancelled my valid H1b visa.

    Reply
    1. Immigration Lawyers

      Hi Sasmrat,

      Thank you for contacting us at VisaPlace! You may still be eligible for a Canadian visa even though you were denied entry in the U.S. We have helped thousands of people in situations like yours, and we may be able to help you! I do need to take a closer look at your case. Hiring an immigration lawyer will help you get answers to all of your questions plus it will increase the chance of getting a visa approved. Please, complete this form for me http://www.visaplace.com/immigration-assessment/ it is just a quick and easy way for me to learn more details about you and your situation so that I will be able to advise you accurately and determine the best avenue for us to take to give you the best legal advice.

      The above response is for informational purposes only and does not form a lawyer-client relationship nor should it be construed to be legal advice.

      Reply
  4. Kipole

    Bp is 120/70 and been on bp prescription med. Right now bp is normal but do take bp med. everyday. Would that affect medical in processing canada permanent residence application?

    Reply
    1. Immigration Lawyers

      Hello Kipole,
      Thank you for your inquiry, I’m glad you have contacted us! We have helped thousands of clients in similar situations of not sure how their health will affect the application process. I’m sorry to hear about your health situation during this time. I would love to help you during this process! Hiring one of our immigration lawyers helps you during your visa process by providing step by step legal advice and conversation about your case.

      Please, complete this form for me http://www.visaplace.com/immigration-assessment/ it is just a quick and easy way for me to learn more details about you and your situation so that I will be able to advise you accurately and determine the best avenue for us to take to give you the best legal advice.

      The above response is for informational purposes only and does not form a lawyer-client relationship nor should it be construed to be legal advice.

      Reply
  5. Ali

    Hello
    I came to the US as an international student, i graduated then i used my one year OPT for an internship. While on the OPT i got married to a US citizen in the military. Living together was very tough and different from dating which is why i want to move on and leave the country to canada to go to grad school there. Since i overstayed my student visa in the US, will i get denied student permit to Canada? i am still in the US… Will my marriage be a good reason on why i remained in the US instead of automatically leaving after my OPT? Would that change my chances to the better for a canadian student permit?

    Reply
    1. Immigration Lawyers

      Hi Mari,
      Thank you for your inquiry, I’m glad you contacted us! I can understand how the laws and regulations for Canadian Student Visas can be very frustrating. Here at VisaPlace we have helped thousands of clients in their same situation. Hiring an immigration lawyer will help get you all your legal questions, it will also increase your chance for visa approval. Please, complete this form for me http://www.visaplace.com/immigration-assessment/ it is just a quick and easy way for me to learn more details about you and your situation so that I will be able to advise you accurately and determine the best avenue for us to take to help you obtain the best legal advice.

      The above response is for informational purposes only and does not form a lawyer-client relationship nor should it be construed to be legal advice.

      Reply
  6. Niko Skerlis

    I am from Greece and i was denied a B1/B2 tourist class visa for USA (which automaticaly doesnt allow me to apply for USA ESTA) on the grounds of article 214(b) that i couldnt prove strong ties that would force me to return in my home country should i mention it in my Canada ETA Tourist Visa application and if yes does it affect my chances of obtaining a canada eta tourist visa? Thanks in advance.

    Reply
    1. Muga Rajbhandari

      Hello Niko. We will need to know more about the details of your situation. I am going to suggest that you contact us to make an appointment to talk with one of our immigration professionals who will be able to plan the best strategy for you. You can book an appointment by calling us at 1-416-410-7484 or online at http://goo.gl/JFZqPm
      Regards, Muga

      Reply
  7. EKE

    Hi,

    In Jan 2016 i applied for an american visa and was denied no clear reasons just dt the consular said i wasnt legible.
    I applied for a canadian visa as a tourist in May 2016 n was refused on the grounds of not having travel history,purpose of visit and that i didnt declare i was denied visa by another country.
    In July i applied for a us visa again and was denied again between July and October 2016 i had travelled to 2 countries and reapplied for a canadian visa as a tourist since i have build my travel history and was denied again for not having travel history and that purpose of the visit wasnt clear and not convinced i would return after my stay. Although my husband is in canada as a refugee awaiting his hearing could that be d reason for denials as am confused.

    Reply
    1. Muga Rajbhandari

      Hello. We need to know a lot more about your situation and the denial. I am going to suggest that you contact us to make an appointment to talk with one of our immigration professionals who will be able to plan the best strategy for you. You can book an appointment by calling us at 1-416-410-7484 or online at http://goo.gl/JFZqPm
      Regards, Muga

      Reply
  8. Pallavi

    Hello,
    I delivered a baby after getting PR visa to Canada. Three months later I (without my baby) attempted first entry into Canada and notified of the birth of my child at the port of entry. I was denied entry and my visa was ‘canceled without prejudice’ because I failed to notify them of this change before landing.

    It was totally unintentional on my part. Why would they consider it to be such a serious mistake? What are the chances of my visa to be revived without me having to redo the entire application again?

    Reply
    1. Muga Rajbhandari

      Hello Pallavi. It must have been very stressful for you to go through that ordeal. I am going to suggest that you contact us to make an appointment to talk with one of our immigration professionals who will be able to plan the best strategy for you. You can book an appointment by calling us at 1-416-410-7484 or online at http://goo.gl/JFZqPm
      Regards, Muga

      Reply
  9. Annisa

    Hello the father of my child was given a 1 year ban from Canada for a denied refugee claim. The year has almost past, he left on time and had everything documented, no criminal behaviour etc. I’m wondering if he has any chance at visiting if he has all the right documents and proof?

    Reply
    1. Muga Rajbhandari

      Hello Annisa. We will need to know all the details of the denial before we can tell you what the limitations are. I am going to suggest that you contact us to make an appointment to talk with one of our immigration professionals who will be able to plan the best strategy for you. You can book an appointment by calling us at 1-416-410-7484 or online at http://goo.gl/JFZqPm
      Regards, Muga

      Reply
  10. toyin

    Hello Vahe,this is my first time of applying for canadian study visa, although a company is sponsoring me and using the company’s bank statement. What are my chances of getting the visa. Thanks…

    Reply
    1. Muga Rajbhandari

      Hello Toyin. The success of a study visa depends a lot on the quality and thoroughness of the submitted application. A study visa is one of the most difficult to obtain because the reviewing officer needs to make 100% certain that you will return home after your studies are complete. Many people who attempt to apply on their own, face the same problem problems. If you need help with your application to make sure that you are not making any mistakes, and so that you will have a legal team taking care of all the matters that may arise, then please contact us to book a consultation with one of our immigration professionals. You can book an appointment by calling us at 1-855-886-8472 or online at http://goo.gl/JFZqPm
      Regards, Muga

      Reply
  11. TJ

    Hi,
    I was denied study permit visa to canada having presented all necessary documents with the admission letter to a school in Toronto. Please what might be the reason and what do I do to get the visa.
    Please your advice will be appreciated.

    Thanks.

    Reply
    1. Muga Rajbhandari

      Hello TJ. A study visa is one of the most difficult to obtain because the reviewing officer needs to make 100% certain that you will return home after your studies are complete. Many people who attempt to apply on their own, face the same problem as you. I am going to suggest that you contact us to make an appointment to talk with one of our immigration professionals who will be able to plan the best strategy for you now that you already have a denial on your permanent record. You can book an appointment by calling us at 1-855-886-8472 or online at http://goo.gl/JFZqPm
      Regards, Muga

      Reply
  12. saleem ahmed

    Sir mistakenly ‘other relatives’ ticked as ‘NO’ in usa visa application form and got the usa multiple non immigrant visa where as my sister in law and my wife’s uncle are there, now my wife plan to apply for us visa to accompany me with two kids, obviously she will disclose these info, will this effect my visa already issued , or will be a problem at port of entry in usa.

    Reply
    1. Muga Rajbhandari

      Hello Saleem. You must have that information corrected.
      Regards, Muga

      Reply
  13. Arif K

    Hi,
    Recently I invited my sister and her family to attend my wedding and instead of visa they got a letter saying you misrepresented by not disclosing US Visa refusal.
    My sister and brother in law are not fluent in English so i helped them fill the application form. And in the section where it ask if you have been refused visa for Canada or any other country. I had completely overlooked the words ” or any other country”This is truly a genuine mistake which I made while filling the application form.
    Is it possible to overturn this decision my wedding is in 12 days

    Reply
    1. Vahe Mirzoyan

      Hello Arif. A visitor visa is one of the most difficult to obtain. Mistakes and omissions on the form lead to an automatic denial. Unfortunately we cannot help you in such a short time frame.
      Regards, Vahe

      Reply
  14. Charlie

    Hi Vahe my wife and I are in the process of applying for permanent residency. I was diagnosed with bipolar type II in 2009 and have been hospitalized twice since then and now am off all antidepressant meds and reduced my anti convulsion meds. Is this going to affect our chance of living in Canada?

    Reply
    1. Vahe Mirzoyan

      Hello Charlie. Yes, your medical condition will be a problem for your permanent residency application on grounds of a medical inadmissibility. You will need to show proof that your medical expenses will not be a burden on the Canadian healthcare system. I am going to suggest that you contact us to make an appointment to talk with one of our immigration professionals who will be able to plan the best strategy for you. You can book an appointment by calling us at 1-855-886-8472 or online at http://goo.gl/JFZqPm
      Regards, Vahe

      Reply
  15. raza

    We want to bring our psychological patient of Schizophrenia disease to Canada on a medical visit visa based option. what type letter or docs we should obtain from Canadian doctors for patient to forward to Canadian embassy for getting visa approved.

    Reply
    1. Vahe Mirzoyan

      Hello Raza. Cases regarding medical inadmissibility are not simple. They require a lot of preparation, and must be properly presented. I am going to suggest that you contact us to make an appointment to talk with one of our immigration professionals who will be able to plan the best strategy for you. You can book an appointment by calling us at 1-855-886-8472 or online at http://goo.gl/JFZqPm
      Regards, Vahe

      Reply
  16. Waheed

    Hi,
    Recently I was denied entry to USA on my f1 visa as I was unable to convince cbp officer about my stay on arrival.now I am planning for masters in Canada as I am no more interested to study in usa. Will I have any issues on my arrival to Canada at port of entry?will my cancelled f1 visa cause any problem to my entry to Canada?

    Reply
    1. Vahe Mirzoyan

      Hello Waheed. Your denied entry into the USA should not affect your entry in Canada, but the immigration officer does have the right to ask you about it and if he thinks that it is a concern for Canada also, it may become a problem for you.
      Many people feel that they can fill in the study visa application on their own, without any professional help. What we have found is that it is easy to make a mistake or leave out some information that will cause your application to be rejected. Given the previous history of a F1 denied entry, I would recommend that you let us help you with your Canadian study visa. We will make sure that your situation is fully explained, and we will address the concerns that the CBP officer had so that it does not become an issue again in Canada. If you complete this form for me http://goo.gl/RvRtRK I will be able to look at all the circumstances and suggest a plan to get you to Canada for your studies.
      Regards,
      Vahe

      Reply

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