A Green card holder is a permanent resident of the United States, who is legally entitled to live and work in the country permanently. While not yet United States citizens, they can become eligible to apply for Citizenship as permanent residents.
There are several different ways someone can become a permanent resident of the United States, including family based sponsorship petitions and employment based green card petitions.
Many applicants who apply for an employer based green card are already working for their employer on a United States work visa such as the L1 visa, or the H1B visa.
There are different categories of employment based petition green card applicants based on their professions. In some cases the applicant may need to obtain labour certification, but this is not always the case. There is a maximum quota for the number of these green cards that can be obtained every year, and there are limits as to how many citizens of one country can apply.
This is the Priority Workers category, which includes people who have extraordinary abilities in athletics, business, education, science or the arts, professors or researchers and managers or executives who are subject to transfer to the United States.
This is for Professionals with advanced degrees or persons with exceptional abilities, and includes persons of exceptional ability in business, science or arts, doctors who practice in an area of medicine where the United States is under served and advanced degree professionals.
This is for Skilled or professional workers, including skilled workers, professionals and unskilled workers.
This is a Special Immigrants Category, which is for religious workers, employees of the United States government and people who have been translators for the United States Armed Forces.
The EB-5 visa is different because it is for investors who will create jobs with investments of between $500,000 and $1 million.
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