How to Maintain Permanent Resident Status in Canada

When someone has permanent resident status in Canada, they must fulfill their residency obligations in order to maintain their permanent resident status.

How to Maintain Permanent Resident Status in Canada

The main issue permanent residents in Canada have to be worried about when it comes to maintaining their permanent residency status in Canada is that there is a limit on the amount of time they can spend living outside of Canada. Within a five-year time period, a permanent resident must live in Canada for at least two years of this five-year time frame. Maintain Permanent Resident Status

Permanent residents must be able to prove that they have been physically present in Canada for two years (730 days) within the last five years if they have been a permanent resident for more than five years. If they have been a permanent resident in Canada for less than five years, they have to prove they’ve lived in Canada for five years at the end of their first five years.

Exception to the residency obligation

There are certain exceptions when a permanent resident can be outside of Canada and still have that time count as a part of their two years in Canada.

These include accompanying a Canadian citizen outside of Canada if that person is a parent or spouse, if they are working outside of Canada for a Canadian company, or they are accompanying a permanent resident outside of Canada who is a spouse or parent and that person is employed by a Canadian business.

Losing Permanent Resident Status in Canada

Permanent residents in Canada who do not meet these residency obligations can lose their permanent resident status and be deported from Canada. However, you may also have the option of appealing on humanitarian and compassionate grounds.

Michael Niren

About Michael Niren

Michael is a graduate of Osgoode Hall Law School in Toronto. He is a member of the Law Society of Upper Canada, the Canadian Bar Association’s Citizenship and Immigration Section and the Associate Member of the American Bar Association. Read more

  • Wenie

    My daughter is 15 years old,she got her permanent resident on April,2014 now she is planning to stay in Philippines ,my question is .can she lost her permanent resident status? How long she allowed to stay back home ?

    • Muga Rajbhandari

      Hello Wenie. To keep her permanent residency status, your daughter must fulfill the physical residency requirements of spending 730 days in Canada within the 5 years that she received her card.
      Regards, Muga

  • permanent residency in canada

    Hi..i would like to know the procedure to attain my permanent residency card in canada as my temporary visa is going to expire within 41 days.

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