Canada, the second largest country in the world, is one of the most sought after places for emigration. For five consecutive years, the United Nations has ranked Canada the best place to live in terms of:
To give your application the best chance, you should follow these guidelines when applying:
As of May 2014, there is a cap on immigration of 25,500 successful applicants per year. This includes 500 applicants aiming to pursue a PhD in Canada.
To ensure you have the best chance of approval, take some time to make sure you meet each of the different specified criteria. Throughout the application process, you should be prepared to supply the following information:
The specific criteria for each of these categories are laid out in Sections 2-9 below.
In order to apply for a skilled worker visa in Canada, you must have greater than or equal to one year continuous and paid work experience. If you have been working part time, then the number of hours worked must be greater than 1560 hours. This includes paid employment only. Volunteer, charity work and unpaid internships do not contribute to this.
The Canadian immigration process demands that your field of expertise falls within certain categories. They are laid out in the Canadian National Occupational Classification (NOC). The broad categorization of these categories is as follows:
Additionally, your work experience in any of the above fields must have been constant over a minimum of one year. Moreover, you need to have been working within the last ten years. If you are immigrating to Canada to undertake an offer of employment, then you must be able to supply sufficient evidence of this. Your application will be automatically refused if your work experience does not meet the set standards.
The two primary languages spoken in Canada are English and French. During your application for a skilled worker visa in Canada, you have to demonstrate proficiency. This must be proven through tests designed by Citizenship and Immigration Canada.
These tests must be scheduled and carried out through an agency approved by CIC. Additionally, you are expected to cover all costs that may arise through this process. When you have completed your language test, you must include the results in your initial application.
The two tests you will be expected to take are:
In order to apply for a skilled worker visa Canada, you must be able to show evidence of minimum academic requirements as set by CIC.
For those with education within Canada, the base line requirement is a:
If you studied in your home country, your academic history must be supplemented by an educational credential assessment. A CIC-approved agency must show your education is similar to Canadian credentials.
The Canadian immigration process works on a “points based system.” Each of the selection factors is weighed in order to give the applicant an overall score. In addition to the above, your age is also a factor that will be taken into account when applying for a skilled worker visa in Canada.
Maximum points in this category are given to those who fall within 18 and 35 years of age. One point is deducted for each year older than 35 up to a maximum of 47, beyond which a score of zero is applied.
The CIC also checks your “adaptability” when applying for a skilled worker visa in Canada. This is taken as a measure of your ability to integrate into Canadian society and adhere to the culture. If you have a spouse or partner who will be emigrating with you, then their adaptability is also measured. Specific categories include:
You must be able to show the financial ability to support yourself and your family. This must be shown to the Canadian visa office in your home country prior to acceptance. As a benchmark, for a family of three dependents you require a minimum of $18,097. These funds are not required if you are taking a valid offer of employment in Canada.
8) Check Inadmissibility
Some applications, although suitable on the above criterion, are rejected on the grounds of inadmissibility.
Full details on inadmissibility can be found here.
You need to prove details of arranged employment in Canada. This must be in the form of a permanent job offer from a Canadian employer that is in good standing with Human Resources and Skills Development Canada.
If you do not have a valid job offer, then you will have to find suitable work in Canada. Note that the success of your application does not consequently mean an opportunity to work.
There are a number of things that may differ from work in your home country:
Make sure you take time to check all of this prior to submitting your application.
Canada is an extremely large country. Each province and city has a different blend of people, cultures and services. As such, you will want to choose a city that suits both your personal needs and career aims. There are a number of things to consider, such as:
Emigrating is a life-changing decision, so make sure to take time in choosing which part of Canada to emigrate to.
If you are eligible based on the above, then proceed with your application for a skilled worker visa in Canada. At this point, it may be beneficial to seek legal advice to help with your application.
Interviews are not required in every case. However, some applicants will receive notice from the Canada visa office of a face to face interview. If the interview has been waived, you will have to undergo the Canadian Immigration Medical Examination immediately. For those applications which require an interview, the examination should be around one month prior.
If you are permitted to emigrate, you must pay the Government of Canada’s Right of Permanent Residence fees. Also, forward your passport to the Canadian visa office to process your visa.
If your skilled worker visa Canada application has been successful, your passport will be returned with the immigration visa included within.
This visa will have an associated expiration date, which you must adhere to in order to become “landed”. Following this, you will be classified as an immigrant in Canada and will be able to undertake employment.
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