Today, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) announced a proposal that would change the application procedures for the spouses and children of U.S. citizens who are eligible for a US Green Card. The proposed rules would enable families to remain together during the process. Under the rules as they are now, people who quality for US PR status are required to leave the US first in order to secure their permanent resident status. However, as soon as they leave the US, applicants become barred from the US from re-entering for 3 or 10 years if they have been an overstay or unlawfully present in the U.S. for more than 180 days.
There is a waiver for this situation (family unity waiver) but the policy is that this waiver must be submitted from outside the US, a process which can take months. This is an obvious deterrent to applicants from applying for permanent residence who would otherwise be eligible.
The proposed rule intends to change this allowing for applicants to remain in the US during the process. This new rule will only be applicable to spouses and chidden of US citizens and not US permanent residents.
This “in-US processing” proposal would permit USCIS to grant a provisional waiver to applicants from within the US. However, applicants must still leave the U.S. before being granted final approval.
This new approach mirrors, somewhat procedures in Canada where “in Canada” applications for Permanent Residence can be filed for applicants not wishing to leave Canada, though overstays. It will remain to be seen how this new rule plays out for overstays in the US.