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While countries like the United States have a long list of different types of work visas, Canada primarily has two broad types of work visas: those that require a Labour Market Opinion and those that do not require a Labour Market Opinion. A Labour Market Opinion is sometimes called an LMO or a confirmation from Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC).
If you are coming to Canada to work under an international agreement and are a business person, investor, professional or a trader, you may not need a labour market opinion. One example of this is a United States citizen who is coming to work in Canada. Under NAFTA (the North American Free Trade Agreement), United States citizens do not need a labour market opinion – with some exceptions.
People working under an active pilot project in Canada as well as their spouses or dependents do not require a labour market opinion.
People who are coming to work in Canada under a Provincial Nominee Program, meaning they have been nominated by a province for permanent residency in Canada, do not need a labour market opinion.
Intra-company transferees and entrepreneurs also do not require a labour market opinion.
The labour market opinion is a form of validation from the Canadian government that bringing a foreign worker to Canada will not adversely affect the economy or job market, but rather benefit it.
While American citizens do not always require a labour market opinion to work in Canada or obtain a work permit, they do need several things, including a job offer from a Canadian employer. If you have a job offer from a Canadian employer, you may then fill out an Application for a Work Permit in order to work in Canada.
However, even if you are a United States citizen, obtaining a work permit in Canada is not as simple as filing out a single application form. There are many strict requirements you will have to meet before you are even considered. If you are an American citizen or a citizen of a different country, please contact our immigration law firm. We can assess your case and help you determine the best way for you to work in Canada!
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