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I want to Renew my Canadian Permanent Resident Card. What are the Requirements?

Renewing your Canadian Permanent Resident Card or Canadian PR Card

Q. My Canadian Permanent Resident Card is expiring.  How can I renew it if I do not have the required residency in Canada?

A. As a Canadian Permanent Resident you will be issued Permanent Residence Card or PR Card. PR Cards are valid for 5 years from the date of issue. You must meet the “residency requirements” in order to be able to renew your card and maintain your Permanent Resident status.

How to renew your Canadian Permanent Resident Card

The general requirement for maintaining permanent residence in Canada is that the resident must be physically present in Canada for at least two years (730 days) in the previous five years.

For example, if your Canadian Permanent Resident Card was issued in January 2004 and it valid until  January 2009, then to keep your status in Canada, you must reside in Canada for  at least 730 days from January 2009 and January 2009. Conversly therefore, you can be  outside of Canada for any three years within that five year time frame.

Exceptions when renewing your Canadian Permanent Resident Card

There are certain exceptions to the residency requirement mentioned above for those travelling with a Canadian family or business in certain cases. The exceptions are:

  • If the Canadian permanent resident resides abroad with a Canadian citizen spouse, partner or parent, this time abroad will count toward their Canadian residency.
  • if the Canadian permanent resident was employed abroad by a Canadian business, or in the public service of Canada, or of a Canadian province, then this will also count toward their residency.
  • if the Canadian resident has been residing abroad with a permanent resident spouse, partner or parent employed by a Canadian business or in public service of Canada or a Canadian province, than the permanent resident can also calculate this period as part of their residence.

So depending on how many days you have resided in Canada and whether you qualify under one of the exemptions mentioned above, you can renew your Canadian Permanent Resident Card. And if none of the above applies, then there is always the possibility of making a case for renewal of your Canadian Permanent Resident Card on Humanitarian and Compassionate grounds.

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139 Responses to “I want to Renew my Canadian Permanent Resident Card. What are the Requirements?”

  1. Raymond Chang says:

    Hi Owen,

    Thanks for your quick answers and it is very helpful for me. One more and my last question, can I put my USA address on the place of 12: “Your current residential address in Canada”?

    Thanks,
    Raymond

    • owen says:

      Hello Raymond,

      When you are asked to input your current Canadian address, you cannot input a non-Canadian address. Did you still maintain a property in Canada when you went to the US? If so, then you should input this address, but if not, then you are going to have to prove that you always intended to live permanently in Canada, and it would be highly recommended for you to speak with one of our experienced immigration lawyers to maximize the chances that you will be able to renew your PR card. Please don’t hesitate to contact us with any further questions.

      Regards,
      Owen

  2. Raymond Chang says:

    Hi Owen,

    I have questions that hope you would answer.

    I’m a Canadian Citizen and currently working in USA. My wife is PR card holder and she is accompanying with me here. Now her PR card will expire soon and want to renew it. My questions are:

    1) The requirement said: you must be physically present in Canada to renew your PR card. But my wife is living in USA, can she still file a renew application?

    2) The gov said that they won’t mail to a foreign address. We have some friends in Canada, so we can provide a Canadian address to receive letters. But where on the forms I can provide this address?

    Thanks for help,
    Raymond

  3. Rema says:

    Hello
    I have a question my PR card will expire on december 2014 and i only stayed in canada for a month since i got my landing because i had to finish my studies, i was told that if i go back now and stay for two years straight i can renew my PR card and thats what am planning to do. But while i was back in my home town i got married to a non canadian citezen and we have a baby on the way. Is there anyway that he can get the PR card as well and what are the procedures? I don’t want to come and leave him behind due to the circumstances in my hometown I’m from Yemen and currently we’re going through war.
    Thank you

  4. aryan says:

    Hey I m outside of Canada and I lost my pr card I been in canada 7 years I booked my ticket for 2 months I came here 1 month a go I lost my pr card I have a flight in 2 weeks what should I do ?

  5. Bon Jovi says:

    My Son and I have only spent 650 days in canada and our pr cards expire jan 2015, my wife and daughters are permanent residents in canada , I own a bank account in canada and my daughters have not left canada since we were issued our pr cards, Please ,through what means can my son and I renew our pr cards?

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    • owen says:

      Hello Tribal,

      Thank you for the kind words, we are glad that we have been of assistance to you. If either you or your friend would like to receive personalized immigration advice from one of our immigration professionals, please refer to our free online assessment form and we will be in touch with you shortly http://www.visaplace.com/immigration-assessment/

      Regards,
      Owen

  7. Asif says:

    Hi Alicia,

    What is the requirement (days stay in Canada) for Citizenship Application.
    Does it also require that Permanent Resident Card be valid ?

    Thanks
    Regards
    Asif

    • Michael Niren says:

      Hello Asif
      When applying for citizenship you do not have to have a valid PR card. They are different situations and have different requirements.

      Regards
      Michael Niren

  8. Desmotivaciones says:

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  9. Mai says:

    Hi sir,

    I have completed my residency obligation and would like to renew my PR Card. Can I renew my PR Card while I am outside of Canada?

    Thank you.

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Dear Mai,

      You do not have to be physically present in Canada to renew your PR card. You may renew your PR Card while you are outside Canada.

      Please note that you need to prove that you have valid permanent resident status when you return to Canada and a valid PR card is the best proof of your status. So, should your PR card expire while you are outside Canada, you would have to apply for a Travel Document at the visa office responsible for your area.

      Approval of a Travel Document application is not automatic. If you have met your residency obligation, it will be more likely that your travel document application will be approved. However, if you have not met the residency requirement you may make humanitarian and compassionate arguments. The decision whether to grant you a Travel Document in this scenario will depend on the immigration officer reviewing your file.

      For these reasons, it is important to keep your PR card valid especially when you need to travel outside Canada.

      Thank you.

  10. MoJo says:

    Thank you. But I might need to travel after it expires while not having the citizenship yet. So my question again , am I able to apply for the PR card renewal after submitting my citizenship application?

  11. MoJo says:

    Hi,

    I am a Canadian PR since Dec 2007. My PR card is expiring in Jan 2013 and I am going to apply for the Canadian citizenship in May 2012. The processing time for citizenship application is about 19 months now. Do I have to apply for a renewal of my PR Card? Or can I let it expire? Thanks for your help.

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Dear Mojo,

      Please note that your PR Card is a status document that provides secure proof of permanent resident status and you need your PR Card when you re-enter Canada after traveling outside of Canada. Unless you intend to travel outside of Canada, you do not need to have a valid PR Card while your citizenship application is in process. You can use your Record of Landing or Confirmation of Permanent Residence as proof of your permanent residency.

      Thank you.

  12. Dr Kaushal Kumar Savera says:

    My wife and I got Canadian PR visa. My wife landed in April this year and got her PR card. As I am doing MD in India, I have not yet landed in Canada. Now in October my PR visa will be expire. How can I renew my Canadian PR visa?

  13. BIG JOHN says:

    Dear Alicia,

    I know that applying for a study permit and for PR are different. What I want to do is that I want to apply for a Study Permit then, after one year, apply for PR. Once I become a PR, my tuition fee will be lower. How many days does an international student have to stay in Canada in order to become eligible to apply for PR?

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Dear Big John,

      You cannot apply for PR directly from your international student status.

      In order to be eligible to become a PR, you would have to either find a job in Canada based on your experience in your home country (under the Skilled Worker category) or graudate from a Canadian post secondary institution with at least one year of full-time skilled work experience in Canada (under the Canadian Experience Class category).

      Should you wish to explore your options in more detail, I suggest you consult with an immigration lawyer.

      Thank you.

  14. BIG JOHN says:

    Thank you, Alicia for your reply.I am an Indian student who wishes to study Engineering in Canada. But I cannot afford four year university tuitions in Canada. So, my plan is first to enroll in the least expensive school for one year course in Canada and after this apply for the PR card. Can I apply for a PR card during this time?

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Dear Big John,

      It is not very clear to me what you are asking. If you wish to study Engineering in a Canadian university, you need to apply for a Study Permit. Applying for a Study Permit and applying for permanent residency are two separate routes. If you wish to apply for Permanent Residence in Canada, it is better to find employment in Canada rather than studying at a Canadian university.

      Hope this clarifies your confusion.

  15. BIG JOHN says:

    Please let me know the conditions and requirements to apply for a PR card. Thanks, BIG JOHN

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Dear Big John,

      You are eligible for a Permanent Resident Card only if you have entered Canada through the immigration process and have been granted permanent resident status.

      If you are asking about how to become a Permanent Resident of Canada, you have a few different options: 1) You may apply under the Skilled Worker program or Canadian Experience Class; 2) You may apply under the Business Immigration Program (Investors, Entrepreneur, Self-employed); 3) You may apply for a Provincial Nominee Program; or 4) You may be sponsored by your family members who are Canadian Permanent Residents or Citizens. To better assess your situation, I suggest you contact an immigration lawyer with your background information.

      Thank you.

  16. Vladimir says:

    Hello!
    I am a PR of Canada but staying and working in Japan. My daughter, also a PR, is a student at McGill University, Montreal, Canada. I regularly invest in her education. Our PR cards will expire in 2013. By that time, my daughter, probably, will get her Canadian citizenship. I wonder if my ties to Canada will be strong enough to apply for a PR renewal on Humanitarian and Compassionate grounds?

    Thank you,
    Vladimir

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Dear Vladimir,

      Presence of immediate family members who are permanent residents or citizens in Canada is one of the strongest indications of your establishment in Canada. Other indications typically include tax payments, ownership of property, mortgages, bank accounts, membership in social groups or RRSPs in Canada. The goal is to demonstrate that you have established yourself in Canada. Thus, the more connections you have, the more likely it is that your application will get approved.

      If you wish to better assess your situation, I suggest that you contact a qualified immigration lawyer with more detailed information regarding the circumstances you are in.
      Thank you.

  17. Samy says:

    Dear Alicia,

    My PR card will expire in September, 2012, but I have only spent 72 days in Canada until today. However, I was always with my Canadian wife while I was outside Canada. Can I count these days for my PR renewal?

    Thanks,
    Samy

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Dear Samy,

      Yes, you can count those days for your PR renewal. You may count each day that you accompanied a Canadian citizen outside Canada if the person you accompanied is your spouse.

      Thank you.

  18. Kishore says:

    Hi Alicia,

    My PR card expires in March 2012. Can I renew my PR card 6 months before it expires?

  19. David says:

    We got our PR Cards in August, 2008. However, we have not been in Canada since then. Unless we go back to Canada by August 2011, we won’t be able to meet the residency obligation before our PR cards expire in August, 2013.

    We run a company in the U.K. Is there any way I can set up a company in Canada and pay my taxes in Canada to meet the residency obligation instead of physically being in Canada?

  20. S says:

    Hi,

    My husband and I moved to Canada as landed immigrants in 1999. We recieved our PR cards in 2004. But, we left Canada in Aug 2007 to travel (with two Canadian born children)and to take care of my sick parent in Ireland. We want to move back to Toronto permanently and renew our PR cards (which expired in August 2009). My question is whether I should go ahead and submit applications to renew. Will it be a complicated process due to the length of my absence?

    • Alicia Kim says:

      If you meet the residency obligation (i.e. you have been physically present in Canada for a minimum of 730 days within the past five 5 years), there won’t be a problem. You may apply for a renewal from Ireland.

      If you don’t meet the residency obligation, you may still renew your PR based on Humanitarian and Compassionate grounds. To maximize your chances of success, you need to provide a credible explanation for your absence from Canada with supporting documentation. You also need to present documentation showing your ties to Canada (i.e. Your Canadian born children may be a strong factor).

      As this application involves much discretion on the part of the immigration officer reviewing your files, you need to carefully prepare your submissions.

      Thank you.

  21. Jasmine says:

    Hi Alicia,

    I am a Canadian citizen living in Asia. My wife is only a Permanent Resident of Canada. She is here with me in Asia. Can she apply for a renewal while she is in Asia?

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Dear Jasmine,

      Your wife may apply for her PR renewal while she is in Asia. She does not have to return to Canada in order to make an application for her PR renewal. However, once her PR is approved, she will have to come to Canada to pick up her new card.

      Hope this helps.

  22. tugba says:

    Hi,

    I am a Canadian citizen and my husband is a permanent resident of Canada. My husband have stayed in Canada only for one and a half months and his PR card expires on August 10, 2011. Can my husband go back to Canada with me?

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Dear Tugba,

      As long as your husband’s PR card remains valid, he may return to Canada at any time with his valid PR card. If your husband wishes to return to Canada after his PR card expires, he may apply for a Travel Document at the Canadian visa office abroad. To be on a safe side, however, since your husband did not meet the residency obligation, I suggest that he return to Canada before August 10, 2011 and apply for a PR renewal.

      Hope this helps.

  23. Joseph L says:

    Dear Alicia,

    Our PR Card expired last month (January 26) and we are yet to apply for a renewal.
    We are planning to go on a trip to the US in March.
    ls there another way to secure the required travel documents prior to leaving the country?

    Thank you very much,
    Joseph

  24. Hashim says:

    My wife’s PR card is expiring in March, 2012. Can I apply for her renewal in March of this year?

  25. Lam says:

    What are your fees (approximate) for a PR renewal?

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Dear Lam,

      Please kindly note that since legal fees vary greatly depending on particular individual circumstances, it would be difficult to give you any estimate unless you have one of our immigration lawyers assess your situation first.

      Thank you.

  26. indu iyer says:

    Hi ,

    My PR Card expires in August, 2012. I have not fulfilled the residency obligation. I am employed by a Canadian company as of January, 2011. My position is outside Canada. Do you think my position outside Canada can help me renew my PR? When should I apply for renewal?

    Regards,
    Indra

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Dear Indra,

      You may count each day you worked outisde Canada towards satisfying your residency obligation provided that you are an employee of a Canadian business and a full time basis to a position outside Canada. You would need to submit a letter of declaration signed by an official of the business that demonstrates the position and title of the signing official, the nature of the business, and details of your assignment outside Canada.

      You may apply for a renewal as long as you’ve met the residency obligation. You do not have to worry if you remain in Canada after your PR Card expires. You can wait for the renewal while in Canada.

      Hope this helps.

  27. Jonny says:

    I became a Canadian permanent resident in 2006. However, I lived in Canada for less than a year and have only been back to Canada for short stays of 1 – 2 weeks a couple of times a year. I married a Canadian citizen in 2008 and we have been living in the U.S.

    I would like to apply now for Canadian Citizenship. Does the time spent while married to a Canadian citizen count towards my eligibility for Canadian citizenship? If I do not meet the residency obligation, what other ways do I have?

    Let me know. I look forward to hearing from you.

    Best Wishes 2011 and thanks for the great blog.

    Jonny

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Dear Jonny,

      Yes. You may count each day that you accompanied a Canadian citizen spouse outside Canada when renewing your PR Card. So, if you fulfilled your residency obligation (a minimum of 730 days within the past five years) including the time period you spent in the U.S. with your Canadian spouse, you are eligible to renew your PR Card.

      To apply for Canadian Citizenship, you must have valid permanent resident status in Canada and must have lived in Canada for at least three years (1,095 days) in the past four years before applying. If you have not fulfilled this residency obligation, your should renew your PR first before applying for Canadian Citizenship. You may apply for Canadian Citizenship when you will have met the 1,095 days residency obligation anytime after renewing your PR Card.

      Hope this helps.

  28. AR says:

    Hi,
    I have about 600 days on a work permit and in addition to that 400 days on my PR card.
    I intend to leave the country to look after my ailing mother (not sure for how long). There is a possibilty I may remain on my Canadian company’s payroll. From the above article, I understand that I can possibly renew my PR card while being away from the country.

    My question is whether or not I can directly apply for my citizenship instead of renewing my PR Card. Are the rules for citizenship the same?

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Dear AR,

      There is a difference between renewing a PR Card and applying for a citizenship. To be eligible to become a Canadian citizen, you must have permanent resident status in Canada and must have lived in Canada for at least three years (1,095 days) in the past four years before applying. If you meet these conditions, you may apply for a citizenship instead of renewing your PR Card.

      Hope this helps.

  29. Naye says:

    Hi Alicia,

    I became a landed immigrant in June, 2006. After this, I only spent about 12 days in Canada. So, I definately do not meet the residency obligation. My PR Card expires in June, 2011 and I am planing to return to Canada for good before my PRC expires. So, my question is if I will be questioned by immigration officers at the airport and be denied entry?

    Thank you.

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Dear Naye,

      As long as your PR Card remains valid, you may enter Canada at any time before the expiry date on your PR Card. You will not be questioned or denied entry to Canada at the port of entry.

      Thank you.

  30. Miki says:

    Hi Alicia,

    I will be traveling to Spain this August, 2011. However, my PR Card expires in April, 2011. I just sent my application a week ago to renew my PR Card. I’m not really sure how the processing time works. The CIC website says for applications received up to May 11, 2010, the wait time is 220 days. Does this mean that my application will be reviewed only few months before it expires? Do you think I can get my card renewed before I leave Canada in August, 2011?

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Dear Miki,

      If you are concerned about your travel to Spain and your PR Card expiring before that day, you can always apply for a Travel Document in order to return to Canada. Even if your PR Card does not get renewed before August, 2011, you can still return to Canada with a Travel Document. You just need to go to the visa office responsible for the area you are in to apply for a Travel Document.

      Thank you.

  31. Rene says:

    Hi Lisa,

    The current processing time for renewal of PR Card is 224 days. My PR card will expire on May 2012. Can I send my application for renewal earlier than 224 days before the expiry date as long as I met the 730 days?

    I want to travel to my country of origin and stay there for a year but before I leave I want to have with me the renewed PR card so that I won’t have problems in my return to Canada.

    Thanks! Your answers to questions people sent you are very helpful.

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Dear Rene,

      As long as you have met the residency obligation, you can apply for renewal even before your PR Card expires.
      Just in case your card expires while you are outside Canada, please contact a Visa office to obtain a Travel Document to enter back into Canada.

      Hope this helps.

  32. A Li says:

    I sponsored my Mom to come to Canada in 2003. However, I had to move to the U.S. as I had employment in the U.S. My Mom has been living with me here in the US for this reason. Will she lose her permanent residency if she fails to meet her residency obligation? Please advise.

    Thanks so much – ali

  33. Ryan says:

    Dear Alicia,

    I got my PR Card less than a year and a half ago. I lived in Canada only for 6 months. I am currently abroad.
    My question is if I work for a Canadian company that is located outside Canada, would the time period I spend outside Canada working for this company count towards my residency requirement?

    Thank you for your answer.

    Ryan

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Dear Ryan,

      You may count the days spent outside of Canada if you are an employee of a Canadian business on a full time basis. When you apply to renew your PR Card, you should explain the position and title of the signing official, the nature of the business, and details of your assignment (i.e. duration of the assignment, confirmation that you are a full-time employee working abroad on a full time basis).

      Hope this helps.

      • Ryan says:

        Thank you very much for your answer.

        I guess this means that I do not have to be hired by a Canadian business in Canada and then transferred to an office outside Canada. I can be hired directly by an office of a Canadian business located outside Canada.

        Thank You for your time.

        Ryan

        • Alicia Kim says:

          Dear Ryan,

          You are correct. You do not have to be hired in Canada first and then relocated to an office outside Canada in order to qualify under this rule.

          I am glad that I could help.

  34. Rahul says:

    Hi,

    I got my Canadian PR card in June, 2006 and it is valid until June, 2011. I returned to my native country (India) in Aug, 2006 because I had to complete my education. Upon graduation, I continued to stay and worked in India. For this reason, I never got a chance to go back to Canada since Aug, 2006.

    Now I have an opportunity to work in Canada for a Canadian firm for a short duration. My stay there might be extended depending on the circumstances. Now, having a valid PR card until June, 2011 would I be able to re-enter Canada? Would I be able to renew my PR Card after my PR Card expires?

    Kindly let me know in case you need further details.

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Dear Rahul,

      Yes. You may re-enter Canada with your valid PR Card. You may also remain in Canada while your renewal application is in process after June, 2011.
      To renew your PR Card, you may apply under the Humanitarian and Compassionate grounds. You need to explain in your submissions that you had to return to Canada in order to complete your education in India. Because you need to demonstrate strong ties to Canada, the fact that you have employment in Canada is a useful factor that can strenghthen your application.

      Thank you.

  35. Lisa says:

    Alicia,

    Would you advise whether or not I can make a trip to Canada when I have only few days before my PR Card expires? If yes, I will visit Canada just so that I can show my interests in returning to Canada. If the trip would not make a difference, then I will not visit Canada.

    Thank you,
    Lisa

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Dear Lisa,

      Generally, you can re-enter Canada by using your current PR card so long as it remains valid even if close to expiry. You can also remain in Canada while your renewal is in process.

      When you apply for a renewal, you have to show strong ties to Canada by showing to what extent you are established in Canada. In this sense, your presence in Canada will certainly be helpful. But, if you are not in a position to return to Canada, you can still renew while not in Canada by using factors other than your physical presence – i.e. your home, bank statement, investment, or family members in Canada.

      Hope this helps.

      • Lisa says:

        Alicia,

        I spent only 15 days in Canada after I received my PR card. I have been working in the U.S. for all these times. I am trying to determine if visiting Canada for few days before expiry helps my renewal application process. (I understand I do not meet 2 out of 5 years residency obligations)

        Thank you,
        Lisa

        • Alicia Kim says:

          Dear Lisa,

          If you are present in Canada by the time of your application, you may be able to argue that although you had a job in the U.S. over the last few years, now you have returned to Canada in order to establish your new life in Canada for good. This would be helpful.

          However, you do not have to be present because you may strenghthen your case by showing your ties to Canada through other evidence.

          Thank you.

  36. Arach says:

    Hi,

    Is it possible to withdraw my application after I’ve already submitted my PR renewal application?

  37. Benjamin says:

    Hi,

    I just want to clarify one thing. I got my PR Card in January, 2008 which is valid through January 2013. If I return to Canada in August, 2011 for good, would it be okay for me to apply for renewal? I have stayed in Canada only for two months since January, 2008.

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Dear Benjamin,

      You may return to Canada at any time before your PR Card expires. If your PR Card is valid until January, 2013, you can return to Canada in August, 2011, and apply for a renewal in Canada.

      You do not have to worry if you remain in Canada after your PR Card expires. You can wait for the renewal while in Canada. However, there might be a problem if you travel abroad before your PR Card is renewed. Then, you would have to go to the nearest Canadian consulate to get a travel permit to return to Canada.

  38. Nancy says:

    Hi,

    I got my Canadian PR Card in 2004, but I had to leave Canada to finish my education outside Canada. My PR Card expired while I was outside Canada. My Mom, however, successfully got her citizenship in the meantime. Can I renew my PR Card?

    Thank you.

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Dear Nancy,

      You can always apply to renew your PR Card. The fact that your Mother got her citizenship certainly increases your chances of getting approval. I suggest that you apply for renewal on the Humanitarian and Compassionate grounds. Your Mother’s citizenship will help strengthen your ties to Canada, which you have to demonstrate to get approval.

      Thank you.

  39. Benjamin says:

    Hello Alicia:

    I became a landed immigrant in April, 2007, but have been living outside Canada since then. I am planning to visit Canada for one week in February, 2011 and open a bank account to move my savings to Canada. I am going to return to Canada in May, 2011 for good. Can I stay inside Canada after my PR Card expires to comply with the residency obligation?

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Dear Benjamin,

      If you return to Canada and meet the residency obligation before your PR Card expires, there should be no problem. However, you cannot return to Canada after your PR Card expires without having met the residency obligation. However, you may apply for renewal and in the meantime get a Travel Document to return to Canada.

      Thank you.

  40. Roger says:

    Hi Alicia,

    I am a current Canadian PR in good standing (have already competed a year in Canada). I am looking to start a Canadian company jointly with some Canadian shareholders. Now, I would be frequently out of Canada for purposes directly related to this business venture. My question is that if I, as a shareholder/director of this company, am abroad on business trips, then would my stay outside Canada be counted towards the PR/Citizenship requirements? This company would be filing all returns required to the Canadian authorities etc. Look forward to your reply.

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Dear Roger,

      You may count each day you worked outside Canada if you are an employee of a Canadian business and assigned on a full time basis.

      For this purpose, a Canadian business is a corporation that is incorporated under the laws of Canada, has an ongoing operation in Canada, is capable of generating revenue, or in which a majority of voting interests is held by Canadian citizens or permanent residents.

      If you meet these conditions, you may be able to renew your PR even if you won’t have met the residency obligation.

      Thank you.

  41. chet says:

    I just came across your website – this is a great resource. Kudos to you.
    I have a quick question. Is it possible to get my PR card renewed in about 15-20 days (instead of the 226 days it says on the website)? I need my renewal urgently.
    Thanks.

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Dear Chet,

      If you need to renew your PR Card urgently due to imminent travel, mail your complete renewal application by registered mail with a copy of your plane ticket and write: “Urgent – Proof of travel included” on your envelope. This may quicken the processing time.

      Hope this helps.

  42. Deepak says:

    Hello Alicia,

    I became landed immigrant in May 2010, along with my wife and daughter. I have a long term contract (5 years) with my employer in Dubai. I would like to continue working in Dubai for the period of my contract. However, my wife and daughter can move to Canada in 2012. We also plan to buy a house and my wife will try to get a job. I might not be able to meet the 730 days physical residence requirement. But my wife & daughter will have stayed for almost 3 years at the time of PR renewal in 2015. Will this situation help in getting my PR renewed or is it compulsory that the principal applicant must meet the 730 days requirement?

    Also, if my wife and daughter meet the citizenship requirement (3 years in last 4 years), can they apply for citizenship without me?

    Your valued advice is highly appreciated.

    Deepak

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Dear Deepak,

      Even if you cannot meet the residency obligation, you may be able to renew your PR Card based on the Humanitarian and Compassionate grounds. For this, you have to explain why you were not able to meet the residency obligation and demonstrate you have strong ties to Canada. Based on the information you provided, you seem to have strong ties to Canada as you have your immediate family members, a house, and probably bank statements in Canada.

      Your wife and your daughter can separately apply for PR renewal and Citizenship.

      Hope this helps.

  43. aladdin says:

    Hi

    I am in Israel now. I received my PR Card in February, 2008. However, I have been outside of Canada since I received my PR Card to take care of my family in Israel. Is there anyway for me to renew my PR Card?

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Dear Aladdin,

      Yes, you can renew your PR Card even if you do not meet the residency requirement. Depending on the reason why you had to be away from Canada (i.e. family illness, job or education outside Canada), you can always apply for renewal based on the Humanitarian and Compassionate ground.

  44. dr-zeyad says:

    Dear Alicia,

    Thanks for your helpful reply. I will definately need your help once I come to Canada.

    I am landing in Canada on January, 2011 as a skilled worker. But, after getting my permanent residency, I am planning to return home to work. I want to know what it means to not meet my obligation requirement. What will happen if I can’t meet my residency obligation?

    Thank you.

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Hi Zeyad,

      It means that Canadian Permanent Residents must meet certain residency obligations or they may lose their Permanent Resident status. So, if you do not meet the residency requirement, you will no longer be a Permanent Resident of Canada.

      Thank you.

  45. satish patel says:

    Good Morning,

    Could you tell me how I can renew my PR and how long it takes to renew my PR?

    1) In October, 2004 I got my PR Card. I left Canada in January, 2005;
    2) My PR card expires in November, 2010;
    3) To renew my PR Card, I returned to Canada in June 2010; and
    4) I was not in Canada from 2005 to 2010.

    Thank you.

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Dear Satish,

      In order to renew your PR Card, you must have been physically present in Canada for a minimum of 730 days within the past five (5) years. So, if you had been physically present in Canada for 730 days when you applied for renewal in June 2010, you would qualify. If not, you may still apply for renewal based on Humanitarian and Compassionate grounds. Depending on the reason why you had to be away from Canada, your application for renewal may be approved on this ground.

      The current processing time is 228 days for applications received up to March 22, 2010.

  46. rachit kashyap says:

    I became a Canadian PR in the year 2001. However due to no jobs in Canada I worked in US. I have being working in US since the past 9 yrs. My PR expired in 2006. Now I want to renew my PR. From 2004 to 2010 (August) I worked with an insurance company in US which also has offices in Canada. My job involved interacting with the business partners in Canada on a daily basis. Would this count towards my residency? I shifted to a new job in September and again this company has major offices in Canada. Would this also count towards my PR? All the money I have earned in US is invested (House, bonds, stocks etc) in Canada. Basically my mother and sister are citizens of Canada. Please advise.

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Hi Rachit,

      If you were a full time employee of a Canadian business, you may count each day you worked outside Canada. The answer depends on whether the company you worked for is incorporated under the laws of Canada. Based on the information you provided, it is not so clear to me that your company is a Canadian business.

      However, even if your company is not a Canadian business, you may still be able to renew your PR card on Humanitarian and Compassionate grounds, especially if you have strong ties to Canada. Based on your information, it seems very likely that you will fall under this category – you have investments in Canada and also family members who are Canadian citizens.

      I would recommend that you consult one of our immigration lawyers for a more detailed evaluation of your situation.

      Hope this helps.

      • Alicia Kim says:

        Hi Pedro,

        No period of time in which an alien is under 18 years of age is to be taken into account in determining the period of unlawful presence in the United States.
        So, if you are certain that you were under 18, you should not have a problem applying for a Visitor’s Visa to the U.S.

        • Lam says:

          Hi,

          I hold a PR card which expires in March 2014. I am currently living abroad and aim to move to canada in Dec 2011. This should allow me time to fulfill the 2 year residency rule.

          I would like to become a canadian citizen eventually and am aware that I need to spend three years out of the four inorder to apply for citizenship.Obviously, by March 2014 I would not have fulfilled the requirements for this (2 and 4 months).
          Q1. Can I extend my PR card with the aim of obtaining citizenship, and use the renewed PR card to fulfil the required three years inorder to gain citizenship?
          Q2. How difficult and What paperwork is generally required inorder to renew the visa? what happens if the rules change for skilled category?
          Q3. what is the success rate of someone like me renewing the PR card having resided from Dec 2011 until PR expiry?

          • Alicia Kim says:

            Dear Lam,

            Yes, you can renew PR card in order to fulfill the residency requirement for a citizenship application. Usually, to renew your PR, you include your primary identity document (i.e. a valid passport), and a copy of one of the following documents: your Recording Landing, Confirmation of Permanent Residence, valid provincial driver’s license, provincial photo-identity, or most recent Income Tax Assessment. If the rules change, you always have to follow the new rules.

            As long as you meet the residency obligation by the time you apply for renewal, you will be able to renew your PR Card. Even if you don’t, you may apply under Humanitarian and Compassionate grounds. Depending on why you had to be absent from Canada, your application on this ground may be approved.

            Hope this helps.

  47. Svetlana says:

    Hi Michael,
    My husband is a PR since December 3,2007, but he is outside Canada since December 2007 due to family reasons and will return only on November 1010. But he is proposed by Canadian company to work outside Canada on a rotational basis as an independent contactor.Can we count that period of his job outside Canada as an independent contractor for his residency period or to keep his residency status he have to be employed as an employee only.
    Thanks a lot.
    Hope for soon reply. Thanks

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Dear Svetlana,

      You may count each day you worked outside Canada provided that you are an employee of, or under contract to, a Canadian business on a full time basis. You may include a letter of declaration signed by an official of the business indicating the position and title of the signing official, details of your contract, or articles of incorporation when applying.

      Hope this helps.

  48. Vincent says:

    Hi Michael,

    Recently, I’ve received my PR card. However, I want to go back to my Country to finish my studies. It takes about 1 and a half year. Am I eligible for staying outside from Canada for that long? If I’m able to do so, what kind of procedure do I need? a travel document? or summiting my reason to the Government?

    P/S:Anyhow, I love your website. Is very helpful.

    • Alicia Kim says:

      Hi Vicent,

      As long as you are present in Canada for 730 days (two years) in the five year period before renewing your PR Card, you will be eligible to renew your PR Card with no problem. Given that your program is for one and a half year, you will be eligible for renewal if you return to Canada after your school program.

      Hope this helps.

  49. Zenden says:

    Hi and good afternoon,

    I an PR of Canada and my card expires before the 2 years that is required to renew the card. If I stay in the country past the expiration date and re apply when I have 730 days at a later time-is this considered or possible ?
    Thank you.

    • If what you mean is that if you remain in Canada for a total of 2 years within the last 5 years before applying for a new PR card, then yes, you would qualify for a renewal.

  50. joseph says:

    I just wanted to know if the 2 years physical presence is from the day I landed in Canada or from the day I get my PR card?

  51. Michel S says:

    I am a PR, Do I need to pay taxes in Canada while working abroad for my Canadian company in order for those years to be counted towards residency?
    is it the same for countries with non dual taxation agreements with Canada?

    Thanks

    • You would have to consult with an accountant or tax lawyer for issues related to tax in Canada. If you are working abroad for your Canadian company, those days outside of Canada could be counted days towards a renewal of your PR card. However, proof of such employment would be required.

  52. Cyrus says:

    Hi Michael;

    I work in the states to support my family in Canada. We immigrated to Canada in 2005. Because I could not find a relevant job in Canada, I had to come to the states to work. My family has lived in Canada for the last five years. We took citizenship test back in 2008 (almost three and half years after our landing). However, we have not been granted citizenship because of my residency which was few months short of three years. Now our case is pending. I have asked to separate my file from my family but they have not responsed to my request. They said we have to wait between 18 to 24 months before they call us to see a judge. Do I need a lawyer to resolve the matter or shall I wait to hear from them.

    Thanks for your response!

    Cyrus

    • Hello
      I would retain a lawyer without delay as citizenship matters based on residency issues can be complicated. The earlier a lawyer gets involved in your case, the better job he or she could do for you, especially if you were to appear before a Citizenship Judge

  53. mindy says:

    Does have a criminal record in other country(not in Canda) affect your PR renewal?

    • Yes it can. If the offense committed outside of Canada is considered as an equivalent offense under the Canadian Criminal Code, then it is possible that that offense could impact his PR status and renewal.

  54. mansoor says:

    Hi,
    For immigration residency purposes,what if a person is hired outside canada in one of the branches of the original company which is registered in Canada. Can we count that period of job for our residency period and what documents we have to provide on our PRC renewal.

    • Helo
      Yes generally days outside of Canada working for a Canadian registered company would count towards residency days for your PR card renewal. However, proof of such employment would include T4s, letter from employer, Canadian tax returns etc.

  55. Ricardo de Mexico says:

    Does having a police record will affect your pr renewal?

    • A criminal record could have an impact on your status as a permanent resident. IF you committed an offense deemed to be ‘serious” you could be subject to an inquiry which could lead to removal proceedings

  56. Toddles says:

    Hi;

    You said that a person can renew the permanent residency while living outside of Canada, assuming the residency requirements have been met. That’s my case — I’m in Washington state. But the renewal forms imply that you have to be LIVING in Canada to renew, and I’m worried that I will be denied because I’m currently living in the US. (For instance, all paperwork has to be mailed to a Canadian address. I don’t have one.) I just want to be certain that renewing from outside of Canada is a legitimate option, even if the conditions are met.

    Thanks.

    • Hello
      You can be outside of Canada and still apply for a renewal of your PR Card. However, once your PR card renewal is approved, you will have to come to Canada to pick up your new card. Also in order to qualify for a new PR card in the future you will have to still meet the residency requirements again for the next 5 years. Also if you do not have a Canadian address that could pose an problem. You can contact us for a consultation on that one.

  57. Stephan says:

    What qualifies as a “Canadian Business” for it to count towards the residency requirement? For example, if I work for a British multinational, but was hired in Canada (on their payroll) and sent abroad, does that work?

    Also, I own a side business, currently incorporated in the UK. If I move that business to Canada, but still reside away from Canada, could that still be considered as “employed by a canadian business”?

    • A Canadian business is an entity that is registered in Canada ( for multinationals–its parent, subsidiary or affiliate has to be Canadian registered) majority owned by Canadians or PRs and pays taxes in Canada. It can operate overseas but has to have corporate ties to Canada. Anything less would really not be considered as a Canadian business for immigration residency purposes.

  58. Amy says:

    Hi
    My PR Card expired while i was outside of canada. Is there any possible way to renew it?

  59. Bijoy says:

    Hi
    I am Canadian permanent resident. My two daughters aged 23 and 20 are permanent residents as well. We landed one and half years ago. Both my daughters are currently finishing their college in the USA. My company wishes to transfer me on an L1 to USA. As my daughters are my dependents will their stay in the USA be counted towards their permanent residency in Canada once I get my L1? Please comment

    • Unfortunately your stay in the US under the L-1 category will not count towards your daughter’s residency in Canada. There are other measures to take in this circumstance given their situation including showing their ties to Canada despite their absence etc. Somewhat complicated but can be resolved.

  60. Michael Niren says:

    Hi Lucy
    You can get an urgent renewal for a PR card within a few weeks but you have to demonstrate urgency.

  61. Michael Niren says:

    Hi Eric
    Yes your wife can apply for the renewal of her permanent resident card while she is in the US. However, she will have to come to Canada to pick it up.

  62. Eric says:

    Hi,

    I am Canadian Citizen working in USA. My wife has only Canadian PR. She is living with me in USA. I understand her residency counts for PR renewal. But can she apply for the renewal application from USA? Or she has to go to Canada to get her PR?

    Please help

    Thanks
    Eric

  63. Lucy Carvalho says:

    How long does it take to renew a PR card as we have to leave the country for an emergency and my husbands card is expired?

  64. Michael says:

    And if she does not meet these residency requirements, she can still apply for a a renewal of her PR Card on humanitarian and compassionate grounds provided there are good reasons why she was unable to meet the residency requirements.

  65. veronika says:

    If your friend was issued a PR card in March 2007, it is valid until March 2012. Until March 2012, she must spend two years in Canada. Hence must she return to Canada the latest by March 2010. If she only returns in March 2010, then she must stay in Canada the next two years until March 2012.

  66. Zuhal says:

    Has there been new rules for Canadian PR card. My friend was issued Canadian PR on March 2007 and since then she has been out of Canada. So for how long can she stay out of Canada?

    Thanks!

  67. Alicia Kim says:

    Hi,
    You do not have to be in Canada to renew the PR Cards. You just need to fill out the IMM 5444 Form and submit it to Case Processing Centre in Sydney, NS.

    Should you have any further questions, please do not hesitate to contact one of our immigration lawyers.

    Thank you.

  68. Alicia Kim says:

    Dear Anthony,

    You may count each day you worked outside Canada provided that you are an employee of a Canadian business and you are assigned on a full time basis. A Canadian business is defined as a corporation that is incorporated under the laws of Canada or of a province and that has an ongoing operation in Canada, as an enterprise that has an ongoing operation in Canada, is capable of generating revenue, in which a majority of voting is held by Canadian citizens and permanent residents, or as an organization created by the laws of Canada or a province. If your business meets any one of these definitions, you should be able to renew your PR Card under this category.

    Please note that you have to pick up your PR card personally and it is not usually mailed.

    Thank you.

  69. Alicia Kim says:

    Dear Lisa,

    If your company is an enterprise that has an ongoing operation in Canada, is capable of generating revenue, is carried out in anticipation of profit, and in which a majority of voting or ownership interests is held by Canadian citizens or permanent residents, you may count the days spent outside of Canada as days for which you satisfy the residency obligation.

    Even if you don’t qualify under this category, you may still be eligible under the Humanitarian and Compassionate grounds by explaining why you had to be away from Canada. Normally, you are advised to provide proof of strong ties to Canada (i.e. family members in Canada, investments and bank accounts, or valid Canadian identity cards) to qualify under this category.

  70. Lisa says:

    Alicia,

    Thank you for your response. I would like to clarify two things:

    I received PR card AFTER I got transferred from the Canada subsidiary to the US parent company. I have never been on Canadian payroll since I became a PR. Do I still satisfy the residency requirements?

    When you mentioend “voting or ownership interests”, are you referring to stockholders? The company is 100% wholly subsidiary of the US company, which is 100% owned by a foreign company whose stocks are publicly traded in the foreign country’s stock market. Neither of the US/Canada company itself owns stocks. Does it automatically mean none of the Canadian citizens or residents hold “voting or ownership interests”? Does it mean I do not satisfy the residency requirements?

    I appreciate your attention.

    Lisa

  71. Alicia Kim says:

    Dear Lisa,

    Based on the information you provided, it does not seem that your U.S. parent company and its Canadian subsidiary would constitute a Canadian business according to the definition on the CIC guideline. So, you won’t have met the residency requirement. However, you can always apply for renewal based on the Humanitarin and Compassionate grounds.

    Thank you.

  72. Lisa says:

    Alicia,

    Please advise the mimimum or desirable amount of “savings and property in Canada” for H and C applications. It appears that investment is the only way for me to make a strong tie to Canada. Since I do not meet the residency obligations, and do not have any family/social ties to Canada, the more investments I make, the more chance of success of my PR renewal?

    Thank you,
    Lisa

  73. Alicia Kim says:

    Dear Lisa,

    As long as you have any substantial savings, it should be fine. There is no minimum or maxium amount of savings or investments you are required to have in Canada.

    Other than having family members or investments in Canada, you can also strengthen your case by showing a history of being employed in Canada, community involvement in Canada, and Canadian friends or supporters. You may also show any hardships that would result if you were forced to return or lack of family contact in your country of origin.

    Hope this helps.

  74. Lisa says:

    Alicia,

    After obtaining my PR, I visited Canada for only 3 times (about 15 days). If it would help, I plan on visiting Canada for about a week before my PR renewal. I want to do the best I can now to offset the time I was away from Canada. I understand the 2-year-out-of-5-year residency obligation and my 15 days of stay is almost equal to none.

    I do not have families, or house in Canada. I went to Canadian college for 2 years and my employment with Canadian company was held prior to my PR was issued. Before I transferred to the U.S., I spent in Canada in total of 2 years. Knowing that I do not have a strong case, I was interested in determmining, even one-week worth of trip to Canada would become an advantage toward renewing my PR.

    Thank you,
    Lisa

  75. Alicia Kim says:

    Dear Lisa,

    What’s important is the you meet the residency obligation between the time when you get your PR Card and when your PR Card expires.

    If you cannot meet the residency obligation during this period and still wish to renew your PR Card, you may apply under the Humanitarian and Compassionate grounds. At this time, you need to show that you have strong ties to Canada. The fact that you have studied at a Canadian college for 2 years and worked in Canada for 2 years would definately help strengthen your ties to Canada.

    Hope this helps.

  76. Alicia Kim says:

    Dear Mr. Kishore,

    If you are planning to travel outside Canada and your PR Card will expire while you are outside the country, you should renew well in advance before you leave Canada before your PR Card expires. CIC recommends that you file an application for renewal two months prior to expiry.

    Hope this helps.

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