Q. My Canadian Permanent Resident Card is expiring. How can I renew it if I do not have the required residency in Canada?
A. As a Canadian Permanent Resident you will be issued Permanent Residence Card or PR Card. PR Cards are valid for 5 years from the date of issue. You must meet the “residency requirements” in order to be able to renew your card and maintain your Permanent Resident status.
The general requirement for maintaining permanent residence in Canada is that the resident must be physically present in Canada for at least two years (730 days) in the previous five years.
For example, if your Canadian Permanent Resident Card was issued in January 2004 and it valid until January 2009, then to keep your status in Canada, you must reside in Canada for at least 730 days from January 2009 and January 2009. Conversly therefore, you can be outside of Canada for any three years within that five year time frame.
There are certain exceptions to the residency requirement mentioned above for those travelling with a Canadian family or business in certain cases. The exceptions are:
So depending on how many days you have resided in Canada and whether you qualify under one of the exemptions mentioned above, you can renew your Canadian Permanent Resident Card. And if none of the above applies, then there is always the possibility of making a case for renewal of your Canadian Permanent Resident Card on Humanitarian and Compassionate grounds.